Betsy Ross Flag

Colonial Ancestors

Genealogy information and records concerning ancestors in the thirteen original American colonies can be found at


"Is life so dear or peace so sweet as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God. I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!"

Patrick Henry speech in the Virginia Convention, March 23, 1775

"Courage, then, my countrymen, our contest is not only whether we ourselves shall be free, but whether there shall be left to mankind an asylum on earth for civil and religious liberty."

Samuel Adams speech at the State House, Philadelphia, August 1, 1776

I cannot but lament . . . the impending Calamities Britain and her Colonies are about to suffer, from great Imprudencies on both Sides -- Passion governs, and she never governs wisely -- Anxiety begins to disturb my Rest . . .

Benjamin Franklin - February 5, 1775

declaration of independence

Declaration of Independence Story painted on Cloth

National Archive and Records Administration are located at
charters /declaration.html

Library of Congress - Primary Documents in American History including the Declaration of Independence are located at

DAR Santa Rosa Patriots

American Revolution Bunker Hill

The objectives laid forth in the first meeting of the DAR have remained the same in over 100 years of active service to the nation. Those objectives are: Historical - to perpetuate the memory and spirit of the men and women who achieved American Independence; Educational - to carry out the injunction of Washington in his farewell address to the American people, "to promote, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge, thus developing an enlightened public opinion…"; and Patriotic - to cherish, maintain, and extend the institutions of American freedom, to foster true patriotism and love of country, and to aid in securing for mankind all the blessings of liberty.

patriot listing

Connecticut Connecticut
Connectict Flag

Samuel Adams, PVT
Luther Barney, PVT
Daniel Byington, LT
Rufus Gillette, PVT
Samuel Hamilton, Sr., SOL
John Hubbell, PS
Anthony Judd, PVT
Phineas Judd, PS
Roswell Lane, PVT
Elisha Leffingwell, ENS
Isham Simmons, PVT
William Starr, LT QM
John Stoddard, SOL
Aaron West, PVT

Maryland Maryland
Maryland Flag

James Collins, SGT
William Duval, CAPT
Andrew Ellicott, MAJ
Joshua French, PVT
Isaac Gregory, PVT
Mathias Houck, PVT
Theodorus Houck, PS
John McDowell, PVT
Angel Morningstar, PS
Joseph Rench, PS
Henry Slack, SGT

Massachusetts Massachusetts
Massachusetts Flag

Benjamin Albee, PVT
William Albee, LT
Joseph Bartlett, PVT
James Codding, CPL
Elias Foster, PVT
Joshua French, PVT
Isaac Gregory, PVT
George Howard, Sr., PVT
Lewis Langdon, SGT
Robert Leggett, LT
Leonard Parker, PVT
Benjamin Reed, PVT
Squire Reed, CPL
John Wilkinson, PVT

New Hampshire New Hampshire
New Hampshire Flag

Edmund Farwell, PVT
John Griffin, LT
Samuel Sinclair, PVT
James Vose, CS, PS

New Jersey New Jersey
New Jersey Flag

Samuel Hopping, PVT
John Norcross, LT
Jacob Skillman, PVT
William Yates, PSVT

New York New York
New York Flag

John Butler, PVT
John Mercereau, PS
Isaac Parmenter, PVT 
Diel Rockefeller, CAPT
John Ward, NONCOM                

North Carolina North Carolina
North Carolina Flag

Matthew Davis, PVT
Thomas Easterling, PS
James Herndon, CAPT
John McDowell, PVT
Peter Meisenheimer, PVT
William Thaxton, PS PVT
James Yarborough, PVT

Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Flag

Joshua Brown, SOL
Peter Bumgardner, PVT
Richard Crosby, PVT
Thomas Gilmore, PVT
John Godshalk, PVT
Adam Howerter, ENS
Henry Hunsicker, PVT
Henry Kintzer, PVT
Henry McBroom, PVT
Ludwig Orhenbaum, PVT
Jacob Rohrer, LT
David Smith, PVT
John Williams, SOL
Jonathan Yerkes, PVT
George Zechman, PVT PS

Rhode Island Rhode Island
Rhode Island Flag
Boomer Jenks, PVT
George Hopkins, PVT
John Stone, PVT
South Carolina South Carolina
South Carolina Flag
Adam Skain, SGT
Vermont Vermont
Vermont Flag Jason Duncan, CAPT CS
John Olin, PVT

Virginia Virginia
Virginia Flag

Charles Carter, PVT
Thomas Crump, PVT
Elisha Dodson, ENS
Benoni Hansford, LT
Catherine Holtzclaw, PS
James Howe, PVT
William Hoy, MAJ
Robert Johnson, PVT
John McFarland, PS, Father
John McFarland, PS, Son
Joseph Perrin, PVT
Tunis Peters, PVT
Jacob Rohrer, LT
James Sawyer, PVT
Benjamin Wager, PVT
Thomas Wyatt, PVT

What is a patriot?

Patriots (also known as American Whigs, Revolutionaries, Congress-Men or Rebels) is a name often used to describe the colonists of the British Thirteen United Colonies who rebelled against British control during the American Revolution.

It was their leading figures who, in July 1776, declared the United States of America an independent nation.

Their rebellion was based on the political philosophy of republicanism, as expressed by pamphleteers, such as Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Paine.

Boston Tea Party

Boston Tea Party
Many patriots were active before 1775 in groups such as the Sons of Liberty.

The most prominent leaders of the patriots are referred to today by Americans as the Founding Fathers of the United States.

The patriots came from many different backgrounds. Among the most active of the patriots group were highly educated and fairly wealthy individuals.

However, without the support of the ordinary men and women, such as farmers, lawyers, merchants, seamstresses, homemakers, shopkeepers, and ministers, the struggle for independence would have failed.

american revolution

The American Revolution was the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America. They first rejected the authority of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them from overseas without representation, and then expelled all royal officials.

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the American War of Independence, or simply the Revolutionary War, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and ended in a global war between several European great powers.

Time Line Tree

Women of the American Revolution

"Actuated by the most glorious cause that mankind ever fought in, I am to defend this post to the very last extremity."

The words of an American soldier during the American Revolution. However, this soldier was different from all the other soldiers. This soldier's name was Margaret Corbin, who survived the British attack on Fort Washington. Most importantly, she was a female participant in a war where the chief fighters were men.

In the early days of the Revolution many Philadelphia women passed key information along to General Washington at Valley Forge. Lydia Barrington Darragh spied on the British in Philadelphia and informed American officers.

Lydia Barrington Darragh

Two Loyalists - a "Miss Jenny" and Ann Bates spied on the Americans for the British.

All up and down the east coast women spied for the cause. Ann Trotter Bailey carried messages across enemy territory in 1774.

Sarah Bradlee Fulton, sometimes called the "mother of the Boston Tea Party," delivered dispatches through enemy lines.

Emily Geiger rode 50 miles through British and Tory enemy territory to deliver a message to General Sumter.